The capital of Hungary, Budapest is a major city, where the majority of the industry, commerce, transportation, culture and politics take place. It is the biggest city in Hungary and it has a total population of 1.7 million people. The peak of the population was registered in the 80’s when it had 2.1 million inhabitants. The city area has 525 sq. km. and it’s the result of the unification of two cities, which occupied the two banks of the Danube river, in 1873. The two cities were Buda (from the west bank of the river) and Pest (from the east bank). When they combined, the resulting name for the city was Budapest.
Once the capital of the Roman region of Lower Pannonia, the name of the ancient city that is now Budapest was Aquincum, which was of Celtic origins. The Magyar people came to the area in the 9th century. A few hundred years later, the Mongols pillages their settlement, but the city was rebuilt and it was a major centre of the Renaissance in the 15th century. The area prospered in the 19th century, and later became the city it is today by uniting the cities of Buda and Pest. At one point it was even the second Austro-Hungarian capital.
It is considered one of the best cities from Europe, a great beauty with many sites on the World Heritage list, including the Danube banks, Andrassy Avenue, Millennium Underground Railway, Buda Castle and Heroes’ Square. You will also find here around 80 different geothermal springs, the second biggest synagogue in the world, the third biggest building of Parliament and the biggest thermal water cave system.
It is considered one of the best cities to live in out of those in the Eastern/Central Europe, ranking 7th best city to live in for Europe, according to a ranking done by Forbes. Each year, around 20 million people come to visit this great city.
Photo: ** Maurice ** on Flickr